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Sri Lanka Sigiriya and fortifications

Sri Lanka is an island which not only charms tourists with its beautiful turquoise ocean, fine beaches or lush flora but most of all it astonishes them with Sri Lankan culture. Tourists are undoubtedly impressed with Sri Lanka’s wonderful and unique architectural gems. The 2,500-year-long history of Sri Lanka is reflected in ancient temples, kings' strongholds and military fortresses from the time of colonization of the island. A significant contribution to Sri Lanka's architectural legacy was made by the Portuguese and the Dutch who left a few fortified strongholds: Galle Fort, whose walls protect small quiet streets and old buildings from the bustle of today's city; Matara Fort, located in a city also known as Matara, its beautiful snow-white Clock Tower rises on top of one of the fort’s ramparts; Fort Fredrick located in the city of Trincomalee, once it was controlled by the Portuguese, the Dutch, the French, and the English. In turn those who want to better understand Sri Lankan culture must see one of Sri Lanka's most impressive architectural treasures – the Fortress of Sigiriya, built on top of an inaccessible rock, as well as the ruins of the citadel of Yapahuwa, which was the capital of Sri Lanka in the 13th century.